Countries

How many Countries are there in the World? – 2023

As of 2023, the United Nations (UN) recognizes 195 sovereign states as members, including 193 member states and two observer states (the Holy See and Palestine). However, the number of recognized countries can vary depending on the organization or entity counting. Some entities, such as Taiwan, Western Sahara, and a few others, are not UN member states but are considered sovereign states by some countries and organizations. The recognition of a country is a complex issue that political, economic, and cultural factors can influence.

195 Countries in the world

S/NCountry’s NameCapital
1AFGHANISTANKABUL
2ALBANIATIRANA
3ALGERIAALGIERS
4ANDORRAANDORRA LA VELLA
5ANGOLALUANDA
6ANTIGUA & BARBUDASAINT JOHN’S
7ARGENTINABUENOS AIRES
8ARMENIAYEREVAN
9AUSTRALIACANBERRA
10AUSTRIAVIENNA
11AZERBAIJANBAKU
12BAHAMASNASSAU, THE
13BAHRAINMANAMA
14BANGLADESHDHAKA
15BARBADOSBRIDGETOWN
16BELARUSMINSK
17BELGIUMBRUSSELS
18BELIZEBELMOPAN
19BENINPORTO-NOVO
20BHUTANTHIMPHU
21BOLIVIASUCRE
22BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINASARAJEVO
23BOTSWANAGABORONE
24BRAZILBRASILIA
25BRUNEIBANDAR SERI BEGAWAN
26BULGARIASOFIA
27BURKINA FASOOUAGADOUGOU
28BURUNDIBUJUMBURA
29CABO VERDEPRAIA
30CAMBODIAPHNOM PENH
31CAMEROONYAOUNDE
32CANADAOTTAWA
33CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLICBANGUI
34CHADN’DJAMENA
35CHILESANTIAGO
36CHINABEIJING
37COLOMBIABOGOTÁ
38COMOROSMORONI
39CONGO, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THEKINSHASA
40COSTA RICASAN JOSE
41CÔTE D’IVOIREYAMOUSSOUKRO
42CROATIAZAGREB
43CUBAHAVANA
44CYPRUSNICOSIA
45CZECH REPUBLICPRAGUE
46DENMARKCOPENHAGEN
47DJIBOUTIDJIBOUTI (CITY)
48DOMINICAROSEAU
49DOMINICAN REPUBLICSANTO DOMINGO
50ECUADORQUITO
51EGYPTCAIRO
52EL SALVADORSAN SALVADOR
53EQUATORIAL GUINEAMALABO
54ERITREAASMARA
55ESTONIATALLINN
56ETHIOPIAADDIS ABABA
57FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIAPALIKIR
58FIJISUVA
59FINLANDHELSINKI
60FRANCEPARIS
61GABONLIBREVILLE
62GAMBIA,BANJUL
63GEORGIATBILISI
64GERMANYBERLIN
65GHANAACCRA
66GREECEATHENS
67GRENADASAINT GEORGE’S
68GUATEMALAGUATEMALA CITY
69GUINEACONAKRY
70GUINEA-BISSAUBISSAU
71GUYANAGEORGETOWN
72HAITIPORT-AU-PRINCE
73HONDURASTEGUCIGALPA
74HUNGARYBUDAPEST
75ICELANDREYKJAVIK
76INDIANEW DELHI
77INDONESIAJAKARTA
78IRANTEHRAN
79IRAQBAGHDAD
80IRELANDDUBLIN
81ISRAELJERUSALEM
82ITALYROMA
83JAMAICAKINGSTON
84JAPANTOKYO
85JORDANAMMAN
86KAZAKHSTANASTANA
87KENYANAIROBI
88KIRIBATISOUTH TARAWA
89KOSOVOPRISTINA
90KUWAITKUWAIT CITY
91KYRGYZSTANBISHKEK
92LAOSVIENTIANE
93LATVIARIGA
94LEBANONBEIRUT
95LESOTHOMASERU
96LIBERIAMONROVIA
97LIBYATRIPOLI
98LIECHTENSTEINVADUZ
99LITHUANIAVILNIUS
100LUXEMBOURGLUXEMBOURG
101MACEDONIASKOPJE
102MADAGASCARANTANANARIVO
103MALAWILILONGWE
104MALAYSIAKUALA LUMPUR
105MALDIVESMALE
106MALIBAMAKO
107MALTAVALLETTA
108MARSHALL ISLANDSMAJURO
109MAURITANIANOUAKCHOTT
110MAURITIUSPORT LOUIS
111MEXICOMEXICO CITY
112MOLDOVACHISINAU
113MONACOMONACO
114MONGOLIAULAANBAATAR
115MONTENEGROPODGORICA
116MOROCCORABAT
52MOZAMBIQUEMAPUTO
117MYANMARNAY PYI TAW
118NAMIBIAWINDHOEK
119NAURUYAREN DISTRICT
120NEPALKATHMANDU
121NETHERLANDSAMSTERDAM
122NEW ZEALANDWELLINGTON
123NICARAGUAMANAGUA
124NIGERNIAMEY
125NIGERIAABUJA
126NORTH KOREAPYONGYANG
127NORWAYOSLO
128OMANMUSCAT
129PAKISTANISLAMABAD
130PALAUNGERULMUD
131PALESTINERAMALLAH
132PANAMAPANAMA CITY
133PAPUA NEW GUINEAPORT MORESBY
134PARAGUAYASUNCIÓN
135PERULIMA
136PHILIPPINESMANILA
137POLANDWARSAW
138PORTUGALLISBON
139QATARDOHA
140REPUBLIC OF THE CONGOBRAZZAVILLE
141ROMANIABUCHAREST
142RUSSIAMOSCOW
143RWANDAKIGALI
144SAINT KITTS & NEVISBASSETERRE
145SAINT LUCIACASTRIES
146SAINT VINCENT & THE GRENADINESKINGSTOWN
147SAMOAAPIA
148SAN MARINOSAN MARINO
149SÃO TOMÉ & PRÍNCIPESÃO TOMÉ
150SAUDI ARABIARIYADH
151SENEGALDAKAR
152SERBIABELGRADE
153SEYCHELLESVICTORIA
154SIERRA LEONEFREETOWN
155SINGAPORESINGAPORE
156SLOVAKIABRATISLAVA
157SLOVENIALJUBLJANA
158SOLOMON ISLANDSHONIARA
159SOMALIAMOGADISHU
160SOUTH AFRICABLOEMFONTEIN, CAPE TOWN, PRETORIA
161SOUTH KOREASEOUL
162SOUTH SUDANJUBA
163SPAINSPAIN
164SRI LANKACOLOMBO, SRI JAYAWARDENEPURA KOTTE
165SUDANKHARTOUM
166SURINAMEPARAMARIBO
167SWAZILANDMBABANE
168SWEDENSTOCKHOLM
169SWITZERLANDBERN
170SYRIADAMASCUS
171TAJIKISTANDUSHANBE
172TANZANIADODOMA
173THAILANDBANGKOK
174TIMOR-LESTEDILI
175TOGOLOMÉ
176TONGANUKUʻALOFA
177TRINIDAD & TOBAGOPORT OF SPAIN
178TUNISIATUNIS
179TURKEYANKARA
180TURKMENISTANASHGABAT
181TUVALUFUNAFUTI
182UGANDAKAMPALA
183UKRAINEKIEV
184UNITED ARAB EMIRATESABU DHABI
185UNITED KINGDOMLONDON
186UNITED STATESWASHINGTON, D.C.
187URUGUAYMONTEVIDEO
188UZBEKISTANTASHKENT
189VANUATUPORT VILA
190VATICAN CITYVATICAN CITY
191VENEZUELACARACAS
192VIETNAMHANOI
193YEMENSANA’A
194ZAMBIALUSAKA
195ZIMBABWEHARARE

What does a country need to be a country?

The criteria for a country can vary depending on the organization or entity determining it. Generally, a country is considered a sovereign state with a defined territory and a government with authority to enforce laws within that territory. However, there are a few other elements that are commonly used to define a country:

  1. Permanent population: A country must have a permanent population, meaning a group of people who live within its territory and are subject to its laws and government.
  2. Government: A country must have a government that has the authority to make and enforce laws within its territory.
  3. Sovereignty: A country must be independent and able to govern itself without interference from other countries.
  4. Recognition: A country must be recognized by other countries and international organizations as a sovereign state.
  5. Economy: A country should have a functional economy, the ability to manage its economy in order to provide for its citizens

However, there are many cases where these criteria are debated and only sometimes met by certain entities seeking recognition as a country.

 

Current number of countries

As we said, the United Nations (UN) recognizes 195 sovereign states as members, including 193 member states and two observer states (the Holy See and Palestine).

However, some other organizations and entities have criteria for recognizing a country, and their membership numbers can vary. Some examples include:

  • The African Union (AU) recognizes 55 member states.
  • The Organization of American States (OAS) recognizes 35 member states and 11 associate members.
  • The Arab League recognizes 22 member states.

In addition to these organizations, individual countries also have criteria for recognizing a country. For example, some countries do not recognize Taiwan as a sovereign state, while others do. Similarly, the status of Palestine and Western Sahara is a matter of ongoing dispute, and not all countries recognize them as independent states.

It is important to note that the recognition of a country is a complex issue that political, economic, and cultural factors can influence. The number of countries in the world can change over time as new countries are formed, or old ones are dissolved.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

14 + 1 =

Share via
Copy link