The list of Georgian cities is organized into three groups: Georgia Proper, the disputed areas of Abkhazia, and South Ossetia. Not acknowledged by most countries, Abkhazia and South Ossetia have maintained a degree of de facto independence since 1992 and 1991, respectively, and have been occupied by Russia following the 2008 Russo-Georgian War.
List of Every Cities and Towns in Georgia
List of Cities and towns in Abkhazia and Samachablo
The Unique Geography of Georgia
Georgia lies at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, sharing borders with Russia, Turkey, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. This strategic location has shaped its diverse history and cultural heritage. The country boasts a wide range of landscapes, from the picturesque coastline along the Black Sea to the soaring peaks of the Caucasus Mountains. Its climate varies from humid subtropical on the coast to alpine and continental in the mountains, making it an ideal destination for year-round travel.
The Must-Visit Cities in Georgia Country
Tbilisi – The Capital City
Tbilisi, the vibrant capital city of Georgia, lies on the banks of the Mtkvari River, surrounded by hills and mountains. Its rich history dates back over 1,500 years, with an eclectic mix of architectural styles, including medieval, classical, and Soviet-era buildings. Key attractions include the ancient Narikala Fortress, the stunning Holy Trinity Cathedral, and the sulfur baths in the Abanotubani district. Tbilisi is also renowned for its thriving food scene and vibrant nightlife, with various cafes, bars, and clubs to explore.
Kutaisi – The Ancient City
Kutaisi, one of Europe’s oldest continuously inhabited cities, is known for its UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the medieval Bagrati Cathedral and the Gelati Monastery. The city is also a gateway to Georgia’s most breathtaking natural wonders, including the Prometheus and Sataplia caves, the Okatse Canyon, and the Martvili Canyon. Adventure enthusiasts can indulge in hiking, canyoning, and rafting in the countryside.
Batumi – The Black Sea Resort
Batumi, located on the Black Sea coast, is a famous resort city known for its subtropical climate, lush botanical gardens, and sandy beaches. The city boasts modern architecture, such as the futuristic Alphabet Tower and the Alphabetic Tower, and charming 19th-century European-style buildings. Batumi is also famous for its vibrant nightlife, with numerous bars, clubs, and casinos to explore.
Mtskheta – The Spiritual Heart of Georgia
Mtskheta, one of the oldest cities in Georgia, is considered the country’s spiritual heart due to its significant religious and historical sites. The UNESCO-listed Svetitskhoveli Cathedral and Jvari Monastery are must-sees. At the same time, the surrounding countryside offers stunning views and opportunities for hiking and picnicking.
Telavi – The Wine Region Capital
Telavi, the capital of the renowned Kakheti wine region, is a perfect destination for wine enthusiasts. The city is surrounded by vineyards and wineries, allowing visitors to taste traditional Georgian wines and learn about the unique winemaking process. The region also boasts picturesque landscapes and historical sites like the Tsinandali Palace and Gremi Fortress.
Gori – The Birthplace of Stalin
Gori, the birthplace of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, is home to the Stalin Museum, which chronicles his life and impact on Georgian and world history. Just outside the city, the ancient Uplistsikhe cave town offers a fascinating glimpse into Georgia’s past, with its rock-hewn structures dating back over 3,000 years.
Other Notable Cities in Georgia Country Worth Exploring
Beyond these top cities, Georgia has many other hidden gems worth visiting. Sighnaghi, known as the “City of Love,” is a charming fortified town in the Kakheti region. Its cobblestone streets, colourful houses, and stunning views of the Alazani Valley. Borjomi, famous for its mineral water, is a popular spa town in the Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park. It offers relaxation and outdoor activities such as hiking and birdwatching.
Getting Around the Cities in Georgia Europe
Transportation Options for Tourists
- Domestic flights: Georgian Airways and some low-cost carriers operate flights between major cities, providing a fast and convenient mode of transportation.
- Trains and buses: Georgia’s rail and bus networks connect major cities, offering an affordable and scenic way to travel. The overnight train between Tbilisi and Batumi is a popular choice for tourists.
- Rental cars and taxis: Renting a car allows for greater flexibility and the opportunity to explore remote areas at your own pace. Taxis are also widely available and can be a cost-effective option for shorter trips.
Recommended Travel Routes and Itineraries
A well-planned itinerary can help you make the most of your time in Georgia. Begin your journey in Tbilisi, exploring its rich history and culture before venturing to nearby Mtskheta. From there, head west to Kutaisi, with a detour to Gori and Uplistsikhe. Continue to the Black Sea coast, taking in the sights of Batumi and its surrounding attractions. Finally, travel east to the Kakheti wine region, visiting Telavi and Sighnaghi before returning to Tbilisi.
Best Time to Visit the Cities in Georgia Country
Overview of Georgia’s Seasons and Climate
Georgia experiences four distinct seasons, with warm summers and cold winters. Spring (April-May) and autumn (September-October) are ideal times to visit, with mild temperatures and fewer crowds. The Black Sea coast, including Batumi, is best enjoyed during the summer. At the same time, winter sports enthusiasts should head to the mountainous regions between December and February.
Ideal Times for Visiting Different Regions
- Tbilisi and eastern Georgia: Spring and autumn are the best times to explore Tbilisi and the surrounding regions, with comfortable temperatures and colourful landscapes.
- Black Sea coast: Summer is the perfect time for beach lovers to visit Batumi and other coastal cities, with warm weather and plenty of sunshine.
- Mountain regions: For hiking and outdoor adventures, the summer months provide optimal conditions in the Caucasus Mountains, while winter is ideal for skiing and snowboarding.
Travel Tips for Exploring the Best Cities in Georgia Country
Visa Requirements and Entry Regulations
Most nationalities can enter Georgia visa-free for short stays, while others can obtain an e-visa online. It is essential to check the latest visa requirements and entry regulations for your nationality before planning your trip.
Safety and Health Tips
Georgia is generally a safe country for travellers, with low crime rates and a welcoming attitude towards tourists. However, it is always wise to take standard safety precautions, such as not carrying large amounts of cash and avoiding poorly lit areas at night. Tap water is safe in most cities, but bottled water is recommended in rural areas.
Local Customs and Etiquette
Georgians are known for their hospitality, and it is customary to accept invitations to join locals for meals or celebrations. Respect for local traditions and customs is important, so dress modestly when visiting religious sites and remove your shoes when entering someone’s home. Always ask for permission before taking photographs of people or religious ceremonies.
Language Tips and Essential Georgian Phrases
While many Georgians, especially the younger generation, speak English, knowing some basic Georgian phrases can help you connect with locals and enrich your travel experience. Here are some useful expressions:
- Gamarjoba (გამარჯობა) – Hello
- Madloba (მადლობა) – Thank you
- Tu sheidzleba (თუ შეიძლება) – Please
- Bodishi (ბოდიში) – Excuse me or sorry
- Nakhvamdis (ნახვამდის) – Goodbye
- Rogor khar? (როგორ ხარ?) – How are you?
- Kargi (კარგი) – Good or fine
- Sad aris? (სად არის?) – Where is…?
What did we learn today?
Georgia’s diverse cities and landscapes offer an unforgettable journey for those willing to explore this hidden gem. From the bustling capital of Tbilisi to the serene beauty of Mtskheta, the ancient history of Kutaisi, and the coastal charm of Batumi, each city provides a unique experience for visitors. By immersing yourself in Georgia’s cities’ culture, history, and natural beauty, you’ll discover why this enchanting country is one of Europe’s best-kept secrets. Embark on your Georgian adventure, and experience the warmth and hospitality that awaits you in the cities of Georgia country.
- Georgian National Tourism Administration: https://gnta.ge/
- UNESCO World Heritage List: https://whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties/ge
- World Bank Data: https://data.worldbank.org/country/georgia
- The National Statistics Office of Georgia: https://www.geostat.ge/en
- Lonely Planet Georgia: https://www.lonelyplanet.com/georgia
- Rough Guides Georgia: https://www.roughguides.com/georgia/
- Culture Trip: https://theculturetrip.com/europe/georgia/
- Atlas Obscura: https://www.atlasobscura.com/things-to-do/georgia